Are you confused between OOP and POP? No need to worry. The debate ends here. Let’s crack the major difference between OOP and POP along with their meaning.
From education, development, designing, and so on, computer programming languages play an important role in all digital services. They work on the predefined high-level structure which is widely known by its technical term ‘Programming Paradigm’. Different computer languages use different paradigms that are followed to develop games, websites, applications, software, etc.
Among a range of programming languages, there are two most popular programming language paradigms: Object-Oriented Programming and Procedure Oriented Programming. To obtain accurate results of a program, it is important to use the right programming language and for this, you must know the actual difference between OOP and POP.
In this tutorial, we will discuss key differences between these two programming languages.
Difference Between OOP and POP
OPP and POP, both are important programming languages and used to develop different web and mobile applications. But they both have different approaches. Where OOP divides the programs into two objects, on the other hand, POP divides into two functions. Let’s understand both with its definition, later we will take you to the difference between OOP and POP.
The OOP has four basic concepts on which OOP is completely based: Abstraction, Encapsulation, Inheritance, and Polymorphism.
- Abstraction- It refers to providing essential information to the outsiders and hiding internal details.
- Encapsulation- It is the process of binding method and function into a single unit.
- Inheritance- The process of creating a new class from the existing class is called inheritance.
- Polymorphism- Polymorphism means an object that can function in multiple ways.
POP, Procedural Oriented Programming, is another important language that mainly focuses on the function or procedure required for computation. The only aim of POP is to divide the complete program into various small groups called functions. These functions work as an algorithm that each of them has a pre-defined purpose. It is a step-to-step approach to break down the task into a simple process. The entire process is carried out in a systematic manner to make the computer understand what to do.
In POP, data can move from one function to another. Although, procedure-oriented programming is less secure because it doesn’t hide any data. It uses other notable languages such as C/C++, Java, ColdFusion, PASCAL.
Let’s check out the difference between OOP and POP through a table.
|Basic Definition||Object-Oriented Programming relies on the concept of object and classes.||Procedure Oriented Programming focuses on the idea of procedures and functions.|
|Approach||It takes a bottom-up approach in designing a program.||On the other hand, POP follows a top-down approach.|
|Data Control||In OOP, an object is controlled on its own.||There is no control over it because every function has different data.|
|Program Division||The programs are divided into objects.||In POP, the program is divided into functions.|
|Access||The access control in OOP is supported by a modifier.||There is no access modifier.|
|Data Hiding||OOP can hide data using abstraction.||Data Can be accessible globally.|
|Problem Solving||OOP is suitable for solving big problems.||It is not a problem solver.|
|Code Reusability||In OOP, existing code can be reused.||There is no code reusability facility available.|
|Examples||OOP language can be used in C++, Java, VB.NET, C#.NET.||C, VB, PASCAL, FORTRAN|
All high-level languages follow certain programming structures to reach the best results. The selection of effective and accurate programming plays an important role to get the exact results from the programs. OOP and POP are the two most preferred programming languages. Therefore it is important to know about them. With our guide, hopefully, we made it easier for you to understand these two programming languages. If you’re looking for more similar information, let us know in the comment section.